Vivre dans les montagnes arides ou sub-arides : l'aménagement des pentes dans l'Anti-Atlas central et occidental (Maroc)

Abstract : The living conditions of the population in the Anti-Atlas Mountains are not ideal for agriculture: rains are very irregular and insufficient; the soil is skeletal and stony, as it develops from an old geological substratum and on steep slopes. To make up for those hostile conditions, for centuries and perhaps for millennia, the mountain society of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas has endeavoured to manage the slopes so as to preserve arable land and especially to capture rainfall runoff, so as to imbibe the land with it. Nowadays, those structures are sometimes fossilized and threatened with disrepair and destruction now that agricultural activities have come to an end. This situation is striking in all the Anti-Atlas areas I have travelled through. The work and the skills of local farmers are therefore in danger of being lost. It is essential to study those artifacts while they are still partly functional, as they can still enrich the cultural potential of this southern mountainous area, already rich of its many landscapes and architectural vestiges.
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Mohamed Ziyadi. Vivre dans les montagnes arides ou sub-arides : l'aménagement des pentes dans l'Anti-Atlas central et occidental (Maroc). Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21028⟩. ⟨tel-01749143⟩

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