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Développement d'une méthode sans maillage basée sur les approximations de Taylor

Abstract : In these last decades, new numerical methods known as « meshless methods » have been developped. Contrary to the FEM, these methods uses only a set of nodes in the domain, without need of any mesh. Until now, any of these methods has convinced users of FEM. In this paper, we present a new meshless method using Taylor series expansion. In this method, the PDE is solved quasi exactly in the domain and the boundary conditions are applied by using a least square method. Then only the boundary discretisation is needed so the proposed method is a « true boundary meshless method ». This technique has been proposed for the first time by S. Zeze in his PhD thesis. The study of some linear problems has shown that this technique leads to a very good accuracy and that the convergence can be improved by increasing approximation degree. Our work is a continuation of S. Zeze work, and it consists to make the proposed method more robust and to extend its range of application. For that, we first make an analysis of the series computed by the method. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the domain of validity of these series. This analysis showed that, for some problems, an accuracy cannot be obtained without splitting the domain in subdomains and making a resolution by subdomains. Therefore the second part of our work was to define a technique which will ensure the continuity at the interface between subdomains, in the case of a resolution by subdomains. The last part of our work was dedicated to non-linear problems. We establish an algorithm to show how the proposed method can deal with nonlinear-problems
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Yendoubouam Tampango. Développement d'une méthode sans maillage basée sur les approximations de Taylor. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0322⟩. ⟨tel-01749401⟩



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