Multiscale study of the intermittency of plastic deformation by acoustic emission method

Abstract : Recent studies of plastic deformation using high-resolution experimental techniques testify that deformation processes are often characterized by collective effects that emerge on a mesoscopic scale, intermediate between the scale of individual crystal defects and that of the macroscopic sample. In particular, the acoustic emission (AE) method reveals intermittency of plastic deformation in various experimental conditions, which is manifested by the property of scale invariance, a characteristic feature of self-organized phenomena. The objective of the dissertation was to study the inherent structure of AE for different mechanisms of plastic deformation, to examine its dependence on the strain rate and strain hardening of the material, and to understand the relationships between short time scales related to organization of defects and those relevant to the continuous approach of plasticity. The study was performed on AlMg and Mg-based alloys, the plastic deformation of which is accompanied by a strong acoustic activity and controlled by different physical mechanisms: the Portevin-Le Chatelier (PLC) effect in the first case and a combination of twinning and dislocation glide in the second case. Application of a technique of continuous AE recording ("data streaming") allowed proving that the apparent behavior, discrete or continuous, of AE accompanying the PLC effect depends on the time scale of observation and the physical parameters surveyed. However, unlike the traditional view, it appears that AE has an intermittent character during both stress serrations and macroscopically smooth flow. Using methods of the theory of nonlinear dynamical systems, such as the multifractal analysis, a tendency to a transition between the scale-invariant dynamics and the behaviors characterized by intrinsic scales was detected during work hardening. Finally, we proved that the power-law statistical distributions persist in wide ranges of variation of parameters conventionally used to individualize acoustic events. This result is of general importance because it applies to all avalanche-like processes emerging in dynamical systems
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Ivan Shashkov. Multiscale study of the intermittency of plastic deformation by acoustic emission method. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0326⟩. ⟨tel-01749405⟩

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