Suivi de formants par analyse en multirésolution

Abstract : Our research work presented in this thesis aims the optimization of the performance of formant tracking algorithms. We began by analyzing different existing techniques used in the automatic formant tracking. This analysis showed that the automatic formant estimation remains difficult despite the use of complex techniques. For the non-availability of database as reference in Arabic, we have developed a phonetically balanced corpus in Arabic while developing a manual phonetic and formant tracking labeling. Then we presented our two new automatic formant tracking approaches which are based on the estimation of Fourier ridges (local maxima of spectrogram) or wavelet ridges (local maxima of scalogram) using as a tracking constraint the calculation of center of gravity of a set of candidate frequencies for each formant, while the second tracking approach is based on dynamic programming combined with Kalman filtering. Finally, we made an exploratory study using manually labeled corpus as a reference to quantify our two new approaches compared to other automatic formant tracking methods. We tested the first approach based on wavelet ridges detection, using the calculation of the center of gravity on synthetic signals and then on real signals issued from our database by testing three types of complex wavelets (CMOR, SHAN and FBSP). Following these tests, it appears that formant tracking and scalogram resolution given by CMOR and FBSP wavelets are better than the SHAN wavelet. To quantitatively evaluate our two approaches, we calculated the absolute difference average and standard deviation. We made several tests with different speakers (male and female) on various long and short vowels and continuous speech signals issued from our database using it as a reference. The formant tracking results are compared to those of Fourier ridges method calculating the center of gravity, LPC analysis combined with filter banks method of Kamran.M and LPC analysis integrated in Praat software. According to the results of the vowels / a / and / A /, we found that formant tracking by the method with wavelet CMOR is generally better than other methods. Therefore, this method provides a correct formant tracking (F1, F2 and F3) and closer to the reference. The results of Fourier and wavelet methods are very similar in some cases since both have fewer errors than the method Praat. These results are proven for the five male speakers which is not the case for the other vowels where there are some errors which are present sometimes in F2 and sometimes in F3. According to the results obtained on continuous speech, we found that in the case of male speakers, the result of both approaches are particularly better than those of Kamran.M method and those of Praat even if they are often few errors in F3. They are also very close to the Fourier ridges method using the calculation of center of gravity. The results obtained in the case of female speakers confirm the trend observed over the male speakers
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Imen Jemâa. Suivi de formants par analyse en multirésolution. Autre [cs.OH]. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0026⟩. ⟨tel-01749421⟩

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