Étude d'une structure d'inducteur supraconducteur à modulation de champ magnétique

Abstract : In the electrical engineering, especially in electric motors, one of the main challenges in the coming years is the increased of mass power and mass torque. A synchronous motor operates by the interaction of two magnetic fields. An inductor supplied with direct current creates a variable magnetic field in space. The armature produces a rotating field by a three-phase winding. The electromagnetic torque generated depends from the product of tangential field (Ht) by the radial field (Bn). The torque can be increased by acting on Ht (produced by the armature) or by acting on Bn (produced by the inductor). The inductor consists of two superconducting solenoids fed by opposed currents which create a huge magnetic induction. By using superconducting bulks which present magnetic screening property, we modulate this field. So, this spatial variation of induction generates a mechanical torque. Indeed, in a conventional engine, the amplitude of induction in the gap is around 2 Tesla (Tesla from -1 to 1 Tesla). Superconducting materials can exceed these levels of magnetic induction. This structure offers the possibility to increase this value and therefore to increase the torque in the same proportions and to present a technological leap. The application area is embedded engines for power between several MW and more. However, a technological limit is the possibility of making large superconducting screens for an inductor of large motors (eg a few tens of MW)
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Gaël Malé. Étude d'une structure d'inducteur supraconducteur à modulation de champ magnétique. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0133⟩. ⟨tel-01749423⟩

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