Fonction de reproduction et régulation de la qualité chez la perche commune, Perca fluviatilis

Abstract : Improving fish reproduction in breeding conditions implies to understand intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing gametes quality on the one hand and to define relevant parameters allowing the prediction of fish reproductive performance on the other hand. Our goal was thus to understand the multifactorial determinism of the common perch (Perca fluviatilis) reproduction. Four nutritional factors (type of food and rate of rationing used either during the induction or vernalization phases) and 3 populational factors (initial weight, geographic origin and domestication level of breeders) have been tested. Data show different responses between females and males. type of food during wintering phase and initial broodstock weigh modified female condition. Males have been sensitive to rationing during wintering phase as well as geographical origin. Data show also that spawning rate was under the influence of interaction between kind of food during wintering phase and induction whereas geographical origin modulated the spawning date. The regulation of the performance reproduction is also a complex mechanism influenced by several factors. The second part of this work consisted on the research of parameters potentially predictive of ova quality. Firstly, our work shows that morphometric parameters measured before the fertilization are poorly relevant to predict reproductive performance. However, the proteomic analysis of several spawn allowed us to highlight proteins differently expressed according to the spawn quality, such proteins could be ova quality biomarkers.
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Marie-Dorothée Castets. Fonction de reproduction et régulation de la qualité chez la perche commune, Perca fluviatilis. Sciences agricoles. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL082N⟩. ⟨tel-01749445⟩

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