Amélioration d'un procédé propre de production de poudre de polyamide 11

Abstract : Mastering extrusion and synthesis processes of melt polymers means to understand their physical properties and, more especially, their rheological behavior. However, these processes operate, sometimes, at particularly high temperature and pressure which are difficult to reach with a classical rheometer (in this thesis the range is between 200°C and 270°C and between 10bars and 200bars). This PhD thesis suggests a new method to understand rheological properties of melt polyamide 11 above its melting point (185°C) and, also, under steam or supercritical carbon dioxide pressure. Moreover, the possibility to replace the classical Couette geometry by a helical ribbon impeller, in order to mimic somehow the mixing process, allows being closer to the extrusion process and opens new perspectives: At first, thanks to this new pressure cell, the high viscosity of the polyamide 11 is explained by the important impact of hydrogen bond, involved by the polyamide 11 structure. Secondly, beyond the plasticization quantification, the plasticization knowledge as a function of temperature, steam and supercritical carbon dioxide pressure is improved. Furthermore, a mechanism, based on hydrogen bond interaction with water and carbon dioxide molecules, is presented and strengthened thanks to the use of different thermodynamical laws and equations of state to describe the steam pressure. To conclude, the geometry change allows obtaining different information. On the one hand, a kinetics incorporation of supercritical carbon dioxide in the polyamide 11, closer to the future process, is determined. On the other hand, their comparison combined to the no-mixing condition encountered in the Couette geometry leads to approach the diffusion time of the CO2 in the polymer.
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Vincent Girard. Amélioration d'un procédé propre de production de poudre de polyamide 11. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL085N⟩. ⟨tel-01749498⟩

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