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Theses

Active packaging containing nano-vectorized antimicrobial peptides

Abstract : Food nanotechnology has the potential to improve food safety and bio-security, food processing, food packaging and functional ingredients. Nano-encapsulation of active agents is an innovative concept to protect them against possible denaturation during processing and storage. The overall objective of the present work was to optimize and develop fluorescent labeling and encapsulation of nisin for molecular transfer study in different packaging based on biopolymers and in the food. Nanoencapsulation of nisin in different nanoliposomes by using continuous cell disruption system (CCDS) has provided an innovative method for nano-delivery systems fabrication. Incorporation of nisin in nano-emulsion form (encapsulated and free) can possibly be an effective approach to control pathogen without compromising the basic physico-chemical attributes of composite HPMC coatings. The fluorescently labeled nisin Z prepared had a molecular weight of 3717.3 Da. Confocal microscopic studies demonstrated the interaction of nisin with the bacterial membranes at the cell-division sites as possible mechanism of action against food borne pathogen. HPMC, CTS, SC and PLA packaging bio-membranes act as a reservoir and progressively release nisin to sustain a constant inhibitory effect. Choice of biopolymer is significant in providing requisite bioavailability of antimicrobial compounds at exterior surface and inside the food system. Based on the present study results, the emerging revolution concerning food safety through packaging possibly will rely on « 3-BIOs » blend with nanotechnology, which refers to Bioactive, Biodegradable and Bio-nanocomposite
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749505
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Muhammad Imran. Active packaging containing nano-vectorized antimicrobial peptides. Other. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL026N⟩. ⟨tel-01749505⟩

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