Mécanismes de transfert des inorganiques dans les procédés de pyrolyse rapide de la biomasse : Impacts de la variabilité des ressources lignocellulosiques sur la qualité des bio-huiles

Abstract : Biomass fast pyrolysis is a promising process for the preparation of bio-oils dedicated to energy production. Inorganic species originally present in biomass are known to induce problems such as bio-oil instability, deposits and fouling. The purpose of the present work is to better understand the mechanisms of inorganic species transfer from biomass to bio-oils in fast pyrolysis processes. A methodology is developed for quantifying alkali and alkali-earth species (K, Ca, Mg, Na) distribution in the products (chars and bio-oils) issued from wheat straw and beech wood fast pyrolysis. Two complementary devices are used: a pilot plant fluidized bed reactor, and a horizontal tubular reactor. Mass balances closures are accurately achieved. 99 wt.% of the inorganic species originally contained in biomass are recovered in the chars. Thanks to an original bio-oils fractional condensation device, it is shown that more than 60 wt.% of the inorganic content of overall bio-oil is contained in the aerosols. Different assumptions of possible origins of the aerosols are discussed. Inorganic content of bio-oil is strongly connected to the presence of fine chars particles which are not efficiently separated by the cyclones, and, hence recovered in the bio-oils. The possibilities of upstream or downstream treatments are discussed in order to lower inorganic content of bio-oils. Finally, the mechanisms of inorganics transfers between char particles and a liquid phase, during bio-oil storage, are quantitatively described on the basis of side experiments associated to a model.
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Naoufel Jendoubi. Mécanismes de transfert des inorganiques dans les procédés de pyrolyse rapide de la biomasse : Impacts de la variabilité des ressources lignocellulosiques sur la qualité des bio-huiles. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL062N⟩. ⟨tel-01749509⟩

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