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Traitement par oxydation chimique de sols de friches industrielles contaminés par des Hydrocarbures Aromatiques Polycycliques

Abstract : Contrary to general belief, soil is a threatened nonrenewable natural resource. Consequently, the restoration of brownfields contaminated with PAHs, that are toxic and persistent contaminants, is a major challenge. Usual techniques are not always appropriate, so the aim of this work is to study the relevance of in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO), usually used for groundwater treatment contaminated with less recalcitrant pollutants (CVOCs, BTEX). It is a part of OXYSOL project aiming at the conception of a global treatment pathway including in situ remediation and soil construction. This work was to study and optimize oxidation efficiency with the soil of a former coking plant. Then, objective was to highlight main limiting factors using different contrasting soils. First, experiments were run in batch systems to select both most suitable oxidants: Fenton's reagent and activated persulfate. Then oxidation was performed in flow systems from the bench to the pilot scale in order to optimize injection parameters. Results, comparable to those obtained in batch systems, showed that oxidation efficiency was strongly limited because of low PAHs availability and highlighted presence of unavailable PAHs (degradation ratio lower than 50%). The last results confirmed the relationship between pollution aging, PAHs availability and chemical oxidation performance. Moreover, they help to understand and compare the influence of different limiting factors (PAHs availability, organic carbon content, carbonate content, pH, PAHs structure and injection method) depending on the oxidant. The research underlined the need to investigate chemical oxidation performance with soil samples collected from contaminated sites and not with spiked soils.
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Julien Lemaire. Traitement par oxydation chimique de sols de friches industrielles contaminés par des Hydrocarbures Aromatiques Polycycliques. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL071N⟩. ⟨tel-01749512⟩

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