Contribution à la compréhension de la dégradation chimique de barrières thermiques en zircone yttriée par les CMAS en vue de proposer une nouvelle composition céramique résistante dans le système ZrO2-Nd2O3

Abstract : Thermal barrier coating (TBC) system is used to protect aeronautical gas turbine blades. At operating temperatures, one of the damaging causes of thermal barrier system is the degradation of the insulating ceramic layer in zirconia (8YPSZ: ZrO2 - 4 mol %. Y2O3) by corrosion. The corrosion is due to calcium - magnesium alumino-silicates (CMAS) deposits from various particles ingested by the engine. At high temperature (~ 1200°C), the molten CMAS infiltrates the porous microstructure of the thermal barrier leads to i) the chemical dissolution of the thermal barrier zirconia and ii) the delamination of the TBC after cracking at low temperature due to the mismatch of CTE of the solid oxides constituting the CMAS and TBC. This study has contributed to understanding the mechanisms of chemical degradation in order to propose a solution to protect against infiltration by CMAS. After expertise of ex-service turbine blades, a reproduction of the thermal barrier corrosion by model CMAS (CAS) and thermodynamic and kinetic study of the solubility of different oxides of both ZrO2-Y2O3 and ZrO2-Nd2O3 systems were performed in the silicate glass (CAS) in order to understand the mechanism of Zr and Y dissolution and to define a new composition of TBC. The corrosion by the CAS of dense ceramic (ZrO2 - 12 mol% Nd2O3 and Zr2Nd2O7) and of a EB-PVD coating (La, Nd)2Zr2O7)was studied. The results obtained show that: i)CAS replicates the corrosion mechanism, i.e. dissolution-re-precipitation reaction ii)ZrO2 oxide dissolves gradually and forms zircon (ZrSiO4) in the glass after 30 min iii)(Nd2O3 and Y2O3) oxides lead very rapidly to the apatite X8Ca2(SiO4)6O2 (X = Nd, Y) phase formation, after reaction with silicate glass. In addition to the apatite phase, Y2O3 forms Ca3Y2Si6O18 phase, which is unstable at 1300°C and 1400°C iv)the compounds doped with Nd2O3 (ZrO2 - 12 mol% Nd2O3 and Zr2Nd2O7) dissolve and form almost spontaneously, the apatite Nd8Ca2(SiO4)6O2 phase and the ZrO2 depleted in Nd2O3 grains v)Although Y2O3 is a constitutent of the compounds ZrO2 - 4 mol% Y2O3, ZrO2 - 10 mol% Y2O3, the chemical corrosion of these compounds leads only to the re-precipitation of zirconia depleted Y2O3. The absence of secondary phases, particularly the apatite phase may explain the easy CMAS infiltration in the microstructure of the 8YPSZ thermal barrier vi)inhibition of CAS infiltration into the porous microstructure of ceramic layers of new compositions seems to be due to the rapid formation of a thin and dense layer, consisting in Nd-depleted zirconia and apatite phase
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2013_0033_CHELLAH.pdf
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:19:51 PM
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Nezha Chellah. Contribution à la compréhension de la dégradation chimique de barrières thermiques en zircone yttriée par les CMAS en vue de proposer une nouvelle composition céramique résistante dans le système ZrO2-Nd2O3. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0033⟩. ⟨tel-01749564⟩

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