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Étude en réacteur auto-agité par jets gazeux de l'oxydation d'hydrocarbures naphténiques et aromatiques présents dans les gazoles

Abstract : The study of the oxidation of naphthenic (ethyl-cyclohexane,n-butyl-cyclohexane) and aromatic (ethyl-benzene,n-butyl-benzene, n-hexyl-benzene) hydrocarbons was performed in a jet-stirred reactor (pressure from 1 to10 bar, temperature from 500 to 1100 K, equivalenceratio: 0.25, 1 and2, residence time: 2s). Reaction products were quantified by gas chromatography and identified using mass spectrometry. The influence on the reactivity and the product selectivity of the equivalence ratio, the pressure and the size of the side alkyl chain attached tothe aromatic or naphthenic ringwas determined. The reactivity of ethyl-cyclohexane was also compared to that obtained for two other compounds containing 8 carbon atoms (n-octane and1-octene). The experimental results for ethyl-cyclohexane and n-butyl-benzene have been satisfactorily compared with prediction made using detailed kinetic mechanisms from the literature, except for the naphthenic at temperature below 800 K. A detailed kinetic mechanismfor the oxidation of ethyl-benzene has been developed (1411 reactions, 205 species) and validated from experimental results obtained in this studybut also from results available in literature. This mechanism has now becomethe "aromatic base" implemented in the software EXGAS Alkyl-aromaticswhich has been developed together with this PhD work and which allows theautomatic generation of alkyl-aromatics oxidation kinetic mechanisms. A study of the generic rules of decomposition of primary species in the secondary mechanism of this softwarewas conducted in this thesis
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Benoît Husson. Étude en réacteur auto-agité par jets gazeux de l'oxydation d'hydrocarbures naphténiques et aromatiques présents dans les gazoles. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0041⟩. ⟨tel-01749573⟩

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