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Déterminants génétiques de la réparation d'ADN et du métabolisme des monocarbones : approche gènes candidats et études d'association avec le risque de carcinome hépatocellulaire et le cancer du poumon

Abstract : Worldwide, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and lung cancer (LC) represent a major public health problem. Previous studies reported associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DNA repair or monocarbon metabolism (MCM) genes and LC or HCC risk. However, influences of these SNPs on LC or HCC risk have not been comprehensively evaluated. Our study aimed to identify potential interesting DNA repair and MCM gene variants associated with HCC risk in cirrhotic Caucasians. To this end, we used the Illumina's GoldenGate® technology and performed a comprehensive investigation of 384 SNPs on 94 DNA repair genes and 384 SNPs on 77 MCM genes. This comprehensive SNP-array fine mapping approach was also used to identify potential interesting DNA repair gene variants associated with susceptibility to LC in Caucasians. Our results showed that six variants on BRIP1 gene (BRCA1 interacting protein C-terminal helicase: rs4986763, rs4986764, rs1557720, rs4986765, rs2191248, and rs11871785) were significantly associated with HCC risk in patients carrying hepatitis virus-associated cirrhosis under an additive genetic model. After false discovery rate (FDR) correction for multiple testing, BRIP1 rs4986764 and rs1557720 displayed statistically significant associations with HCC risk. Two SNPs on GGH gene were associated with HCC risk in patients carrying non viral cirrhosis. In our study, only POLL rs3730477 was associated with an increased LC risk under a recessive genetic model (OR=2.81, 95% CI 1.51?5.24). Lastly, we evaluated hematologic changes and levels of DNA adducts, 8-oxodG, dU, and m5dC in Cotonou's motorbike taxi drivers (MBTD) - exposed to air pollution by benzene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) - compared to unexposed controls. Compared to controls, MBTD displayed a significant decrease in the number of white blood cells, lymphocytes, neutrophils and platelets, with the formation of an unknow DNA adduct, whereas uracil misincorporation and 8-oxodG levels in DNA were significantly increased. In conclusion, we identified six variants on BRIP1 gene and two variants on GGH gene that are associated with susceptibility to HCC. In addition, POLL rs3730477 variant was associated with susceptibility to LC. Replication of these findings in independent cohorts is warranted
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749610
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  • HAL Id : tel-01749610, version 1

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Hodonou Patrice Avogbé. Déterminants génétiques de la réparation d'ADN et du métabolisme des monocarbones : approche gènes candidats et études d'association avec le risque de carcinome hépatocellulaire et le cancer du poumon. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0201⟩. ⟨tel-01749610⟩

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