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Régulation du métabolisme carboné sous ozone : rôles de la PhosphoEnolPyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) et des enzymes NADP-dépendantes

Abstract : Ozone (O3), both an air pollutant and a greenhouse gas, is responsible for yield production losses. Current flux based threshold indices do not take in consideration intrinsic cell capacity for detoxification, which partly depends on NADPH regeneration. In this optic, the study of the NADP-dehydrogenases within leaves of two hybrid poplar (Populus deltoides x Populus nigra) genotypes showed that the activation of cG6PDH (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase) and of ME (malic enzyme) was higher in the tolerant genotype (Carpaccio) in response to O3 treatment (120 ppb for 17 days). The maintenance of NADPH levels in Carpaccio, supported the hypothesis that the capacity for cells to regenerate this nucleotide, contributes to improve tolerance to O3.To investigate the importance of a specific cytosolic NADP?dehydrogenase, we used a reverse genetic approach to test isocitrate dehydrogenase (icdh) and glutathione reductase 1 (gr1) mutants to O3 in a context of day?length modulation. Our study reveals an important role for day length conditions in influencing O3 responses with extended damage for all the genotypes in long days, we pointed to overlapping functions of NADP-dependent dehydrogenases in icdh mutants, and highlights novel roles for the glutathione system in controlling the interactions between antioxidative and oxidative signaling functions in gr1 mutant. Finally, we showed that nitric oxide (NO) could be partly implied in the posttranslational regulation of PEPC under ozone. Treatment of the wild ecotype Col?0 with the NO donor SNP mimicked the O3 effects concerning development of visible injuries and the stimulation of PEPC activity. The pre-treatment of the NO-overproducer mutant rcd1, with cPTIO+L-NNA partially prevented both of these O3 effects. Additionally, in vitro incubation of a protein extract with GSNO strongly enhanced PEPC activity. All together, these results corroborated the hypothesis of the modulation of PEPC activity via Snitrosylation under O3, which is reinforced by the presence of three predicted and highly preserved Snitrosylated cysteines in the protein sequence
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Ata Allah Dghim. Régulation du métabolisme carboné sous ozone : rôles de la PhosphoEnolPyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) et des enzymes NADP-dépendantes. Biologie végétale. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0313⟩. ⟨tel-01749657⟩

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