L'écriture de la mémoire dans le roman africain et antillais contemporain : à propos de Tierno Monénembo et Maryse Condé

Abstract : This research is devoted to the representation of memory and history in fiction writings of Maryse Condé and Tierno Monénembo. Memory that interests us here is identifiable in an unconventional memorial site, that is, in the literary text. The text then becomes a "memory space." It holds and transmits cultural references. The choice of these two authors lies in the continuity of the Africa / Caribbean dialogue on the past, present and future. Moreover, all African and Caribbean literatures, brings memories encumbered by tragic events, marked by death, loss and exile, memory in this case is linked to a crisis of conscience that the writer experience most often in a triple sense of pain, loss and discord. The integration of these facts in the narrative alongside other events from the imagination of the novelist promotes their fictionalization, and aims at giving an effect of historicity. Thus, the writer, if he has to be held within the limits of history or memory, he can take liberties with it, turning it by the poetic creation. In this context, we would like to show the conception of the memorial fact and its presentation among the two authors. Especially considering how texts become relays of transmission and of construction of memory, often parallel or distanced from dominant stories or dominant memories. So the writing of authors will be analyzed as a strategy of resistance against all forms of sociopolitical speculations that suffocate collective and individual memories
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Arsène Magnima Kakassa. L'écriture de la mémoire dans le roman africain et antillais contemporain : à propos de Tierno Monénembo et Maryse Condé. Littératures. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0371⟩. ⟨tel-01749671⟩

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