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L'intelligence en essaim sous l'angle des systèmes complexes : étude d'un système multi-agent réactif à base d'itérations logistiques couplées

Abstract : Swarm Intelligence is from now on a full part of Distributed Artificial Intelligence. Its associated problematics meet many other fields and scientific questions. The concept of swarm in particular belongs to the science called the science of complex systems. This phd thesis shows the design and the characteristics and the applications of a novel type of model called the logistic multi-agent system (LMAS) dedicated to the Swarm Intelligence field. The LMAS has its foundations in complex system modeling: it is inspired from the coupled logistic map lattice model which has been adapted to the "Influence-Reaction'' modeling of multi-agent systems. This model is based on universal principles such as synchronization and parametric control which are considered as the main mechanisms of self-organization and adaptation in the heart of the system. The field-layered based environment is the other important feature of the LMAS, since it enables indirect interactions and plays the part of a data structure for the whole system. The work of this thesis is put into practice for simulation and optimization. The novelty of the LMAS lies in its generic theoretical framework, which enables to tackle problems considered as distinct in the literature, in particular flocking and ant-like stigmergic behavior. This model meets the need of explaining basic mechanisms and the need of synthesizing generative algorithms for the Swarm Intelligence.
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Rodolphe Charrier. L'intelligence en essaim sous l'angle des systèmes complexes : étude d'un système multi-agent réactif à base d'itérations logistiques couplées. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN23001⟩. ⟨tel-01749790⟩

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