Bi-functionalized mesoporous organic-inorganic hybrid materials : synthesis, physico-chemical characterization and application for chromium removal

Abstract : The present work proposes to examine chemical characteristics and behavior of two bifunctionalized silicas exhibiting either a mesostructure (i.e., MCM-41) or not (i.e., silica gel, denoted here SiO2) with respect to the immobilization of chromium species. The organo-functional groups selected to achieve this goal are mercaptopropyl and propylsulfonic acid moieties (MCM-SH,SO3H), on one hand, and mercaptopropyl and ethylenediaminetriacetate groups (SiO2-SH/ED3A) on the other hand. The research has been started with structurally ordered materials, of MCM-41 type, to ensure high surface area and easy and fast accessibility to the functional groups. On the basis of thiol-modified MCM-41, a set of sorbent samples containing different ratio of grafted mercaptopropyl and propylsulfonic acid groups (constant concentration of sulfur = 1 mmol g-1) has been synthesized. Special attention was first given to the characterization of surface chemical contents, which are expected to have a strong influence on sorption parameters. A simple, one-instrument method (conductometric titration) has been applied to the simultaneous determination of thiol- and sulfonic group on MCM-SH,SO3H. Then, the experimental conditions that are likely to provide effective sequestration of Cr(VI) on MCM-SH,SO3H have been defined, notably by studying the effect of pH, solid-to-solution ratio, or composition of the adsorbent (i.e., SH/SO3H ratio). On the basis of received data, a reduction-sorption mechanism explaining the uptake process has been proposed. In a second approach, a second type of bi-functional silica (SiO2-SH,ED3A) was suggested so as to improve the affinity (sorption properties) of the material to the reductively-generated Cr(III) species. Silica-gel was chosen as the matrix to graft controlled amounts of mercaptopropyl and ethylenediaminetriacetate groups at its surface. The performance of such bi-functional adsorbent was evaluated with respect to various experimental parameters likely to affect the reduction-sorption process (pH, solid-to-solution ratio, concentration) in order to determine the uptake mechanism and to compare it with the above adsorbent. Finally, it will be seen how this second adsorbent also offers the advantage of being usable in flowing conditions (column experiments)
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Nataliya Shevchenko Zaitseva. Bi-functionalized mesoporous organic-inorganic hybrid materials : synthesis, physico-chemical characterization and application for chromium removal. Food and Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0075⟩. ⟨tel-01749849⟩

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