Contribution de l'analyse de l'activité au processus de conception de produits innovants : application à la conception de systèmes de contrôle-commande automobiles

Abstract : Situated in the industrial systems engineering field, this work proposes a reflection on the methods and the tools that can be applied for better designing new products adapted to future users. In this context, a transverse approach is adopted in the field of design methodologies, by using ergonomies and data processing principles. Some difficulties of co-operation between engineers and ergonomicists have been identified for designing new products in view of user activities. In this context, we have formulated several proposals. In addition to our own vision of the product design process, centered on the necessary co-operation between the various actors of the project, we propose a new co-operation tool based on motor activities observed when using the product. First we analyze the various user motor activities of existing products are analyzed using a global vision of the Man-Product-Environment system. Then, it is possible to build different future user activities of the future product by using modeling and simulation methods. The application of these proposals to an in-car radio design project showed the need for developing a new computer aided design tool: MANERCOS. This software is dedicated to real situations using activity analysis, based on video recordings. Thereafter, the same software can be used for modeling and simulating desired future user activities. In accordance with concurrent engineering techniques, the same methods and tools are proposed to evaluate existing production and to design future production means for the future product.
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Samuel Gomes. Contribution de l'analyse de l'activité au processus de conception de produits innovants : application à la conception de systèmes de contrôle-commande automobiles. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 1999. Français. ⟨NNT : 1999INPL003N⟩. ⟨tel-01749915⟩

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