La simulation de l'activité comme outil d'aide à la conception et à l'innovation : application à la conception du poste de conduite des TGV futurs

Abstract : Our research has led us to propose a design approach which favors product usage by simulating user activities of these products. This approach was applied to a project for designing future driving cabs of high-speed trains. The first step of this approach was for the project group to define the future work of high-speed train drivers. Based on this definition, we developed the pre-concepts for control devices in the form of models and then we evaluated the resulting activity around their use. After this, we carried out partial simulations of user activities with drivers on test benches in order to evaluate the pre-concepts being developed. This step led us to a global concept concerning future driving cab devices. We then devised a research and design simulator for carrying out our experiments. We were able to optimize our global system and evaluate the choices of the project group. A final validation of the devices will soon be carried out on a prototype high-speed train. Activity simulation can provide a real design contribution if it is integrated from the beginning into the design process of complex systems involving humans. It can highlight usability starting with the first phases of the project and can therefore provide real aid in managing a project by encouraging participation from project groups as well as innovation.
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Peggy Zwolinski. La simulation de l'activité comme outil d'aide à la conception et à l'innovation : application à la conception du poste de conduite des TGV futurs. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 1999. Français. ⟨NNT : 1999INPL002N⟩. ⟨tel-01749933⟩

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