Formes urbaines et ségrégations : une sociologie de la relégation des grands ensembles

Abstract : Numerous studies, demonstrate the segregation from which the inhabitants of certain districts in difficulties suffer. Said studies show that most of these districts are old French "priority development area" zones (ZUP), that are complexes of tower and slab built in France between 1950s and 1970s. These neighbourhoods have two peculiarities: they were built with a similar model and most of them are social housing. Urban phenomenon, urban policies and the situation of numerous co-ownership show that the criteria «social housing» is not enough to understand the banishment process. Urban policies, which grant an important budget for the action on the built, also suggest that the urban form participates in the mechanisms of exclusion. Does the materiality of the urban form impact the social distribution of the urban space? Do slabs and towers participate in the banishment of their inhabitants? The asked question is about the links established between a society and its spaces. The aim is to understand how social can interact with space. The proposed answer focuses on the case of French global mass housing. Showing how urban form can produce segregation, this thesis reveals the cognitive mechanisms stimulated by the visual perception that are working to slabs and towers blocks relegation. In other words, it explains how the view provides a feeling that is, in the case of domestic architecture, a social and cultural construction affecting the perception of the world, ways of doing, seeing and thinking, of behaviours and lifestyles of people in the urban areas.
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Marc Bertier. Formes urbaines et ségrégations : une sociologie de la relégation des grands ensembles. Sociologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0242⟩. ⟨tel-01750291⟩

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