Identification et contrôle de systèmes biologiques. Application à la thérapie photodynamique

Abstract : The presented works are divided into two main parts and deal with biological applications to cancer, and more specifically to their treatments. The first part is dedicated to a technological research, in which a new device is designed and built to efficiently control the cytotoxic phase of photodynamic therapy. This anti-cancer therapy involves three main compounds: a photosensitizer agent, oxygen and light. The proposed solution relies on the control of an observable therapeutic indicator during the treatment: the photobleaching phenomenon. The developed control system uses a state observer which required to solve practical identifiability issues and the identification of a non-linear process. It has been implemented in a technical platform and validated during in in vitro tests. A patent application for this device is currently under review. The second section of this thesis deals with the applicability of continuous-time identification approaches to three biological systems from image sequences recorded at cellular, tissue and animal scales. A first study examines how continuous-time system identification may be used to determine a pharmacokinetic compartmental model of multifunctional nanoparticles within rat brain from in vivo MRI images. The second study deals with the empirical modeling of the junctional intercellular communication functionalities. The purpose is to discriminate two cancer cells types from their fluorescence recovery dynamics. Finally, a third study case addresses the issue of identifying a systems cohort from small amount of data. The applied context is the study of tumoral angiogenesis and the anti-cancer treatment effects on vascular network development
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Jean-Baptiste Tylcz. Identification et contrôle de systèmes biologiques. Application à la thérapie photodynamique. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0204⟩. ⟨tel-01750505⟩

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