Étude de la formation des structures de solidification et des macroségrégations en coulée semi-continue d'aluminium

Abstract : During solidification of metallic alloy, heterogeneities of solute composition and microstructure size appear. Mathematical models are valuable tools in the understanding and the control of the formation of these heterogeneities, which are incompatible with industrial requirements. Worldwide, SOLID is the only solidification model that simultaneously accounts for inoculation, the growth and motion of grains, natural convection and solidification shrinkage. The aim of this thesis is to improve the modelling of the coupling of nucleation and grain growth in this model. The solute diffusion, which controls the grain growth, is modelled by a diffusion length that takes into account both the motion of the solid-liquid interface and the convection of the liquid. At the microscopic scale, a third phase is added in order to improve the prediction of the growth of grains, particularly of the development of their morphology. The model can quantitatively predict the competition between the nucleation on inoculant particles and the grain growth at the microscopic scale. The model is applied to solidification of a static ingot and to direct chill casting in order to study the inoculation-growth coupling at the macroscopic scale. At this scale, the transport of the grains, of inoculant particles and of solute are all considered and are fully coupled. Comparisons of the model predictions to experimental measurements show the fundamental role of the transport of inoculants and of grains in the formation of the heterogeneities. The consideration of the development of dendritic grain morphologies considerably influences the predictions, even when their final morphology is globular
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Marie Bedel. Étude de la formation des structures de solidification et des macroségrégations en coulée semi-continue d'aluminium. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0013⟩. ⟨tel-01750672⟩

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