Use of Ionic Liquids for the Treatment of Biomass Materials and Biofuel Production

Abstract : The replacement of conventional organic solvents by a new generation of solvents less toxic, less flammable and less polluting is a major challenge for the chemical industry. Ionic liquids have been widely promoted as interesting substitutes for traditional solvents. The purpose of this work is to study the solubility of carbohydrates or biomass based materials in ionic liquids in order to overcome the lack of experimental data on phase equilibria of {biomass or carbohydrate-ILs} mixtures. Solubility data were successfully correlated using NRTL and UNIQUAC thermodynamic models. It was found that the antisolvent method is a good technique for the extraction of carbohydrates from ILs. Ionic liquids could be then recycled successfully for reuse. The fundamental natures of the interaction between carbohydrates and ionic liquids were investigated using ab initio calculations. The theoretical results are in good agreement with experimental data. It was concluded that ionic liquids mainly interact with carbohydrates via hydrogen bonding formation. This confirms that the process of dissolution and regeneration of cellulose in ionic liquids is accompanied only with a physical change. The preatreatment of miscanthus with ionic liquids resulted in the regeneration of amorphous, porous cellulose almost free of lignin, which is suitable for enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation processes. A successful ethanol production was obtained with an overall ethanol yield reached up to 150 g ethanol kg-1 miscanthus. This indicates the high performance of ionic liquids in converting biomass feedstocks into biofuel. Indeed, applying the cellulose extraction processes on the industrial scale could be of great interest
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El Sayed Rabie El Sayed Hassan. Use of Ionic Liquids for the Treatment of Biomass Materials and Biofuel Production. Food and Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0043⟩. ⟨tel-01750747⟩

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