Étude de l'élaboration en continu d'émulsions de bitime [i.e.bitume] à taille de gouttes maîtrisée à l'aide de mélangeurs statiques

Abstract : This work focuses on the continuous emulsification process (using SMX static mixers) of bitumen for concentrated and highly concentrated emulsions. This work uses an approach that integrates the process, the physic-chemical formulation and composition parameters, with the main objective of controlling the drop size of the emulsions. It was shown that the emulsification carried out at high bitumen concentrations and high temperatures favours the production of emulsions with very small droplets sizes (mean diameter ? 1 mm). This is in contrast with emulsification process in batch mode, in the same concentration and temperature conditions. These results demonstrate the competition between energy and physic-chemical formulation aspects. It was also revealed that when continuous emulsification is carried out at 90 % wt. of bitumen, droplet sizes are not a function of the energy provided and, hence, the emulsification process is controlled by the formulation parameters. Morphological analyzes, coupled with kinetics of emulsification obtained by in-situ monitoring of the viscosity, allowed the description of the mechanisms occurring during the emulsification at high internal phase ratio. It was possible to identify two principal steps in the mechanism: a catastrophic phase inversion followed by a droplet reduction by agitation, the largest size reduction being achieved thanks to the effects of shear and elongation in the static mixer. An inline process viscosity measurement methodology was developed. This methodology, based on a Poiseuille analogy, allows the evaluation of the rheological behavior of a fluid through flow rate and pressure drop measurements
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01750758
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Edward Julián Arenas Calderon. Étude de l'élaboration en continu d'émulsions de bitime [i.e.bitume] à taille de gouttes maîtrisée à l'aide de mélangeurs statiques. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0050⟩. ⟨tel-01750758⟩

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