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Modélisation non-locale du comportement thermomécanique d'Alliages à Mémoire de Forme (AMF) avec prise en compte de la localisation et des effets de la chaleur latente lors de la transformation de phase : application aux structures minces en AMF

Abstract : In this Phd thesis, thermo-mechanical models based on a nonlocal approach are proposed in order to describe the behavior of Shape Memory Alloys (SMA), taking into account localization and latent heat effects during phase transformation. These models are obtained as extensions of an existing local model. In order to describe the localization of phase transformation, the extension of the initial model consisted of rewriting it in a nonlocal context through the introduction of a new variable, defined as the nonlocal counterpart of the martensite volume fraction. The use of this model has required the development of a specific finite element in ABAQUS with the nonlocal martensite volume fraction as an additional degree of freedom. The simulations show the relevance of such an approach in the description of the phase transformation occurring in thin SMA structures subjected to thermo-mechanical loadings. To achieve the description of the latent heat effects, a heat balance equation with a source term depending on contributions of the phase transformation was added to the constitutive equations of the initial model. Even there, the use of the model required the development of a finite element which takes into account the thermo-mechanical coupling and considers the proposed formulation for the thermal balance. Numerical simulations have shown the delaying effect of the latent heat on phase transformation and the possible heterogeneous character of the phase transformation in this case. These effects are even more important as the strain rate is high
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01750761
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Kodjo Mawuli Armattoe. Modélisation non-locale du comportement thermomécanique d'Alliages à Mémoire de Forme (AMF) avec prise en compte de la localisation et des effets de la chaleur latente lors de la transformation de phase : application aux structures minces en AMF. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0053⟩. ⟨tel-01750761⟩

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