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Crystallographic characterization of deformation twinning in commercially pure Titanium

Abstract : Titanium and its alloys have become backbone materials for aerospace, biomedical field and chemical industries since the early 1950s because of the high strength-weight ratio, excellent biocompatibility, and good corrosion resistance. The hexagonal structure of titanium leads to an intrinsic anisotropy of the particular atomic configuration and extrinsic anisotropy of the texture to a product marked in their elaboration. The purpose of this study is to improve understanding of the deformation mechanisms (slip and twinning) in the titanium leading to the extrinsic anisotropy. Technical testing interrupted in situ SEM / EBSD was used in the plastic deformation of a commercially pure titanium alloy T40 to follow the crystal orientation and morphology of the grains during deformation under different types of loading (tension, rolling). This technique allows following the occurrence of twinning, growth and shape of the twins, the interaction of the twin variants with neighboring grains. Schmid factor, crystallographic orientation, plastic deformation energy, and localized strain accommodation were calculated to analyze the twin activation, the twin growth, and twin variant selection. Twinning variant with relatively low global Schmid factor, which resolves the externally applied force onto the twinning plane and along the twinning direction, were observed. That indicates the global Schmid factor is not very appropriate to predict twinning. A twinning variant selection rule was proposed based on the maximum plastic energy consumption. The plastic energy ( the material is assumed to be perfectly rigid plastic) consumed is calculated as follows: the deformation produced by each variant is expressed from crystal frame to macro frame; stress follows a Hall Petch type rule, the grain diameter is then defined as the maximum length that can take each variant in the grain. The variant which can consume the maximum of the externally imposed energy is expected to twin first. The calculation results show good agreement with the experimental observation: The selected twin variants were the one leading to maximum plastic energy consumption. The variant free path length relevant criterion so indicates the reason why the equiaxed grains and elongated grains have the difference in twin variant number and twinning variant growth. The interrupted in-situ investigation shows that the twin chains or twin pairs observed in this work are a sequential twinning behavior. A twin activated first, with its growth, it imposes a strain field and a stress field into its neighboring grains and possibly stimulate a twin in the neighboring grain. The twin pairs show a good alignment with a relatively high Luster-Morris parameter, which is a measure of the compatibility of twinning systems through a grain boundary. By the displacement gradient tensor transformation, the imposed strain into the neighboring grain was obtained. The twinning variant which can better accommodate the imposed strain can be activated. It indicates that the local strain can influence the twinning activation and variant selection
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:56:37 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01750863, version 1


Shiying Wang. Crystallographic characterization of deformation twinning in commercially pure Titanium. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0105⟩. ⟨tel-01750863⟩



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