From photosensitive glycopolymers to smart drug delivery systems

Abstract : Photosensitive grafted and diblock amphiphilic glycopolymers based on hydrophobic photosensitive poly(o-nitrobenzyl acrylate) (PNBA) and hydrophilic dextran were successfully prepared via grafting onto techniques through a Huisgen-type Copper(I) catalyzed Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition (CuAAC click chemistry). Firstly, recent developments in the single-electron transfer–living radical polymerization (SET–LRP) provided us an access to control the o-nitrobenzyl acrylate polymerization and we obtained PNBA with bromide end function. Then, this bromide end function was replaced by azido (N3) group. In a parallel way, we modified dextran by introducing several alkyne groups all long the polysaccharide chain (alkynated dextran) or only one group at the reducing end-chain ([alpha]-alkyne dextran). In the second step, alkynated dextran and [alpha]-alkyne dextran were reacted with PNBA-N3 by CuAAC to obtain grafted or diblock glycopolymers. All glycopolymers were characterized by Size Exclusion Chromatography, 1H, 13C, 2D DOSY 1H NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy. Secondly, conditions to formulate nanoparticles from the previous glycopolymers were optimized. In some case, we also carried out an emulsion/evaporation process using dextran alkynated and PNBA-N3 to produce nanoparticles. Then, stability of nanoparticles were studied over rang of ionic strengths as well as stability in presence of a competitive surfactant. Finally, the effect of light on these photosensitive nanoparticles was studied using UV-lamp. More precisely, we loaded these nanoparticules by Nile Red fluorescent dye and followed thier destruction by using fluorescence spectroscopy and Dynamic Light Scattering
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Soliman Mehawed Abdellatif Soliman. From photosensitive glycopolymers to smart drug delivery systems. Food and Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0147⟩. ⟨tel-01751017⟩

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