Nouveaux polycondensats greffés à perméabilité contrôlée : application à la purification d'un biocarburant par un procédé de séparation membranaire

Abstract : This work deals with the synthesis and characterization of new graft step-growth copolymers poly(urea-imide)s (PUIs) by ‘click’ chemistry with variable graft amounts. Two families of materials were obtained from the same PUI and polymer grafts with different structures and the same molecular weights : poly(methoxy (diethylene glycol) methacrylate) (PMDEGMA) prepared by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP); poly(hydroxyethyl acrylate) (PHEA) obtained by Single Electron Transfer Living Radical Polymerization (SET-LRP). These materials were then investigated for the purification of the ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) biofuel by the pervaporation membrane process. For the corresponding separation of the azeotropic mixture ETBE/ethanol, the copolymers with the PMDEGMA grafts showed excellent performances with very selective ethanol extraction. The grafting strategy enabled to increase the flux strongly while maintaining an excellent selectivity and thus overcame the classical limitation of linear step-growth copolymers, for which flux and selectivity strongly vary in opposite ways. The properties of the graft copolymers were correlated to their particular morphology characterized by MDSC and Synchrotron SAXS. The PHEA grafts with their hydroxyl groups enabled to further increase affinity for ethanol. This affinity having gone beyond expectation with a too strong membrane swelling in the targeted mixture, the sorption and permeability properties of the second series of graft copolymers were finally investigated for water transport, i.e. another permeability field with strong industrial stakes
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Miao Wang. Nouveaux polycondensats greffés à perméabilité contrôlée : application à la purification d'un biocarburant par un procédé de séparation membranaire. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0205⟩. ⟨tel-01751173⟩

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