Effets de l'activité bactérienne réductrice du fer ferrique et des nitrates sur les transformations des produits de corrosion magnetite et sidérite de l'acier non allié

Abstract : Radioactive waste is one of the major problems facing the nuclear industry. To circumvent this issue France plans to store vitrified high-level nuclear waste in a stainless steel container, placed into a non-alloy steel overpack, at a depth of 500m in an argillaceous formation. The main iron corrosion products formed at the surface of the non-alloy steel are siderite (FeIICO3) and magnetite (FeIIFeIII2O4). These compounds are formed in the anoxic conditions present in the nuclear waste repository and play a protective role against corrosion as a passive layer. This work aims to investigate the activity of nitrate-reducing bacteria (NRB, Klebsiella mobilis) and iron-reducing bacteria (IRB, Shewanella putrefaciens) during the transformation of siderite and magnetite, especially those involved in anoxic iron biogeochemical cycle. Klebsiella mobilis and Shewanella putrefaciens were first incubated with siderite or magnetite suspensions (high surface specific area) in order to exacerbate the microbial iron transformation, subsequently incubated with a magnetite/siderite film synthesized by anodic polarization at applied current density. The transformation of siderite and magnetite by direct or indirect microbial processes led to the formation of carbonated green rust (FeII4FeIII2(OH)12CO3). As a transient phase shared by several bacterial reactions involving FeII and FeIII, this compound is the cornerstone of the anoxic iron biogeochemical cycle. The novelty of this thesis is the consideration of bacterial metabolisms of NRB and IRB often overlooked in biocorrosion processes
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Marjorie Etique. Effets de l'activité bactérienne réductrice du fer ferrique et des nitrates sur les transformations des produits de corrosion magnetite et sidérite de l'acier non allié. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0254⟩. ⟨tel-01751273⟩

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