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Figures et figuration de l'Intelligence dans le roman français des années trente

Abstract : Based on an exemplary selection of works, this study’s goal is to capture the fundamental poetic element in the 1930s French novel, defined as the dominant genre of the time : the desire for a “spiritual revolution”, based on the poetic dimension of disaster. This poetic dimension should be considered the literary translation of a general intellectual movement, aimed at overcoming the discredit cast upon liberal democracy, an organizational system inherited from Enlightenment. In the wake of young non-conformist intellectuals, the authors studied attack Rational Intelligence – a dominant system of ultranationalist norms and values – which isolates, divides, and disfigures individuals through sterile abstraction. Perverted by the elites, Intelligence becomes a divisive force threatening social coherence. As a reaction to this excess of harmful rationalism, an anti-intellectual movement developed, devoted to defining a new conceptual architecture – Intuitive Intelligence – capable of reviving the individual and restoring social bonds. This ethical project stands out as the dominant literary norm, compelling writers to once more become involved. The novelists, whether leaning to the right or the left, may consider the French Intelligence crisis to be a failure of liberal democracy or as the result of national decadence, but above and beyond those respective ideological and political sensibilities, the poetics of disaster encompass all novelists of the time
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:16:01 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 22, 2021 - 3:51:11 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01751316, version 1


Manuel Galea. Figures et figuration de l'Intelligence dans le roman français des années trente. Littératures. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ032L⟩. ⟨tel-01751316⟩



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