Développement de solutions thermomécaniques répondant au packaging de l’électronique de puissance en environnement aéronautique

Abstract : The aeronautic field is growing years after years; this is why it is necessary to find solutions to transport more people and to reduce fuel consumption. The aircraft relief is a global issue, all components of aircraft ha to be lighter. Electronic devices must be a part of this global aircraft relief. The SAFRAN group and Hispano-Suiza in particular have engaged in a more electric aircraft project it is necessary to reduce the mass of an electronic box. A study of existing electronic boxes helped to highlight the main mass contributors. Mass analysis shows that the elements of protection and bearing of electronic components represent the highest global mass percent. The research of innovative solutions to reduce the weight of these components has highlighted new materials to replace the omnipresent aluminium in the current boxes. The composites Fibre Metal Laminates (FML) consist of organic matrix composites plies (carbon, fiberglass, Kevlar ...) and the metal sheet. These new composite materials are particularly interesting because of their thermo-mechanical and electrical conductivity necessary for the proper functioning of the electronic devices in case of lightning current. Modal analysis simulations validated the appropriateness of using these FML to replace aluminium in electronic boxes structure. Analytical models were developed to get a faster and easier the behaviour of composite laminates according to the number of plies, materials and orientations. The study of these analytical models has selected promising laminates according to their thermo mechanical properties: the Carall (assembly of carbon and aluminium), the Glare (assembly of glass fibers and aluminium) and carbon as a "classical" laminates. The characterization of these materials under various solicitations (static, dynamic, temperature ...) coupled with numerical simulations provided the laminates properties. Numerical modelling of composites will reduce the time and cost required to design a box. The study and comparison of measured properties during the experimental trials has identified the potential applications of metal laminates / composites in electronic boxes. Finally, a study of accelerated moisture and temperature aging was conducted to study the evolution properties of laminates in “real” environment
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Julien Bajolet. Développement de solutions thermomécaniques répondant au packaging de l’électronique de puissance en environnement aéronautique. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0043⟩. ⟨tel-01751573⟩

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