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Méthodes multi-échelles pour la modélisation des vibrations de structures à matériaux composites viscoélastiques

Abstract : In this thesis, multiscale homogenization techniques are proposed for vibration analysis of structures with viscoelastic composite materials. In the first part, the Double Scale Asymptotic Method is proposed for vibration modeling of large repetitive viscoelastic sandwich structures. For this kind of structures, la eigenfrequencies are closely located in well separated packets. The DSAM splits the initial problem of large size into two problems of relatively small sizes. The first problem is posed on few basic cells, and the second one is an amplitude equation with complex coefficients. The resolution of these equations permits to compute the damping properties that correspond to the beginning and the end of every packets of eigenmodes. In case of structure with frequency dependent Young modulus in the core, the diamant approach is used to solve the nonlinear problem posed on basic cells. The ADF and fractional derivative models are considered in numerical tests. By using the DSAM, one avoid the discretization of the whole structure, and the computation time and needed CPU memory are thus reduced. The proposed method is validated by comparing its results with those of the direct finite element method using the diamant approach. In the second part of this thesis, the multiscale finite element method (FE2) is proposed for computation of modal properties (resonant frequency and modal loss factors) of structures with composite materials. In the principle of the (FE2) method, the vibration problem is formulated at two scales: the scale of the whole structure (macroscopic scale) and the scale of a Representative Volume Element (RVE) considered as the microscopic scale. The microscopic problem is a nonlinear one and the macroscopic problem is linear. The nonlinearity at the microscopic scale is introduced by the frequency dependence of the Young modulus of the viscoelastic phases. This nonlinear problem is solved by the Asymptotic Numerical Method and its automatic differentiation tools realizable in Matlab, Fortran or C++. From this approach, numerical tool that is generic, flexible, robust and inexpensive in term of CPU time and memory is proposed for vibration analysis of viscoelastic structures. The constant Young modulus and frequency dependent Young modulus are considered in validation tests. The results of numerical simulation with ABAQUS are used are reference. The model is then used to compute the modal properties of sandwich structure with viscoelastic composite core. To test the capacities of the proposed approach to design sandwich viscoelastic structure with high damping properties, the influence of parameters of the inclusions are studied
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:22:06 PM
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Komla Gaboutou Lougou. Méthodes multi-échelles pour la modélisation des vibrations de structures à matériaux composites viscoélastiques. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0044⟩. ⟨tel-01751582⟩



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