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Le diocèse de Metz écartelé 1939-1945 : un évêque, son clergé et le peuple catholique

Abstract : The thesis presents a study of the catholic people of Moselle during the World War II which includes the episcopal hierarchy, the clergy, the congregations, the pious laity and the practitioners. It concerns as well the events occurring in Moselle than in the reception departments in the south of France after the evacuations from 1939-1940 and the expulsions from 1940-1941. The exhaustive study of the archives of the Bishopric, rather large because the priests have written a lot face to other sources and in particular German sources, helped to understand this two-headed that gives the Moselle particular interest since it was both face anti-Christian Nazi policy because of the annexation and the conciliatory policy towards the Church of the French State due to the transfer of more than a third of its population and half of the clergy and religious. This two-headed, sole in France, even in relation to Alsace itself annexed to the Reich, gives originality to the Church of Moselle. This study, priori regional, becomes national enrolling in those from 80’s upon the Church of France, or even European, because the Moselle was experimentation field of a Nazi anti-Christian policy. This study becomes sociological when it shows the consequences of the religious practice of the dispersion in a rather hostile environment. After demonstrating the omnipresence in the Moselle Catholicism community became an identity element partially related to Concordat status and keeping of religious schools, we respected the chronology to show the impact of acts of war on the Moselle Catholic people. We divided our work into two parts, November 1940 and expulsions constitute the breaking point. With computer skills, we were able to maintain accurate statistics, mapping religious practice and dispersion. Sometimes this requirement to fetch the source and the historical analysis that ensued jostled the patriotic memory. This study aims to fill a historiographical vacuum and be an additional element in the knowledge of the annexation of the Moselle, the politic of Nazification and the Moselle diaspora
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:23:21 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 28, 2021 - 1:42:01 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-01751631, version 1



Philippe Wilmouth. Le diocèse de Metz écartelé 1939-1945 : un évêque, son clergé et le peuple catholique. Religions. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0349⟩. ⟨tel-01751631⟩



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