Développement et caractérisation d'un nouveau procédé d'émulsification non dénaturant par transduction piézoélectrique de hautes fréquences

Abstract : Emulsions are systems containing two immiscible liquids, one dispersed as droplets (dispersed phase) throughout the other (continuous phase). When emulsifier is added, it may interact with the other formulations compounds creating new emulsion properties. Therefore, it becomes difficult to study the role of oil phase alone on emulsion properties. In this thesis, emulsifier free emulsion was developed with high frequency ultrasounds (HFU) generated by piezoelectric ceramic transducer vibrating at 1.7 MHz. pH measurement showed significant decrease and negative electrophoretic mobility showed the accumulation of OH- at oil/water interface leading to droplets stability in the emulsion. Emulsions conductivity showed a decrease of the ions quantity in solution, which indicated formation of positive charge layer around OH- structure. They constituted a double ionic layer around oil particles providing emulsion stability. This study showed a strong correlation between turbidity measurement and proportion of emulsified oil. Unlike standard emulsification methods, emulsions made this process demonstrates stability for 30 days at 37 °C. The use of emulsions without emulsifier made by HFU for vectoring CoQ10 shows a higher cell proliferation in the case of emulsion without emulsifier. A study of emulsions without emulsifer by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) was performed and compared to emulsions containing emulsifiers. NMR analysis showed no interactions between different compounds and the HFU manufacturing process did not cause chemical degradation or neoformed compounds. SAXS showed a thin interface between two phases with different electronic density (water/oil) for emulsions with and without emulsifiers. For emulsion with emulsifiers SAXS showed surfactant micelles diffusion signal which doesn’t appear in the emulsion without emulsifiers
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Messaouda Kaci. Développement et caractérisation d'un nouveau procédé d'émulsification non dénaturant par transduction piézoélectrique de hautes fréquences. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0062⟩. ⟨tel-01751694v2⟩

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