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Contribution to the multiscale modeling of composite materials

Abstract : We propose in this thesis several approaches for improving the multiscale modeling and simulation of composites’ behavior. Accurate and reliable modeling of the mechanical response of composite materials remains a major challenge. The objective of this work is to develop simplified methodologies based on existing homogenization techniques (numerical and analytical) for efficient prediction of nonlinear behavior of these materials. First choice has been focused on the Mean-field homogenization methods to study the elasto-plastic behavior and ductile damage phenomena in composites. Although restrictive, these techniques remain the best in terms of computational cost and efficiency. Two methods were investigated for this purpose: the Incremental Scheme Micromechanics (IMS) in One-site modeling and the Mori-Tanaka model in multi-site modeling (MTMS). In the framework of elastoplasticity, we have shown and validated by finite element method that the IMS homogenization results are more accurate, when dealing with high volume fraction composites, than the Mori-Tanaka model, frequently used in the literature. Furthermore, we have extended the Mori-Tanaka's model (MT) generally formulated in One-site to the multi-site formulation for the study of elasto-plastic behavior of composites with ordered microstructure. This approach shows that the multi-site formulation produces consistent results with respect to finite element and experimental solutions. In the continuation of our research, the Lemaître-Chaboche ductile damage model has been included to the study of elasto-plastic behavior in composite through the IMS homogenization. This latest investigation demonstrates the capability of the IMS model to capture damage effects in the material. However, the issue on the loss of ellipticity was not addressed. Finally we develop a numerical homogenization tool based on computational homogenization. This novel numerical tool works with 2D and 3D structure and is fully integrated in the conventional finite element code ABAQUS through its subroutine UMAT. The (FE2) method offers the advantage of being extremely accurate and allows the handling of more complex physics and geometrical nonlinearities. Linear and non-linear cases were studied. In addition, its combination with ABAQUS allows the use of major resources provided by this software (a panel of toolbox for various mechanical, thermomechanical and electrical analysis) for the study of multi-physics problems. This work was validated in the linear case on a two-scale analysis in bending and compared to the multi-scale method ANM (Nezamabadi et al. (2009)). Extensive work will be needed later with applications on non-linear problems to highlight the value of the developed tool
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:27:38 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01751825, version 1


Adjovi Abueno Kanika C-M. Koutsawa-Tchalla. Contribution to the multiscale modeling of composite materials. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0119⟩. ⟨tel-01751825⟩



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