Polymeric formulations for innovative drug delivery systems of nitric oxide in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases: formulation and bioavailability assessment

Abstract : The aim of the thesis was to develop novel and stable NO-donors by linking S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) to a polymer backbone. In the first step, chitosan-GSH and alginate-GSH conjugates were prepared by a carbodiimide reaction and in the second step SNOC (S-nitrosoglutathione-oligosaccharide-chitosan) and SNA (S-nitrosoglutathione-alginate) were prepared by the nitrosation of both conjugates respectively. The amount of NO was determined by Griess and Saville methods. Stability and ex vivo experiments of SNOC and SNA were performed in an Ussing chamber through rat intestine. We obtained polymers with different amount of NO (i.e. 159 µmol of NO/g to 525 µmol of NO/g for SNOC; 174 µmol of NO/g to 468 µmol of NO/g for SNA) depending upon the procedure of nitrosation. SNOC was stable for at least 6h and SNA for at least 10h. Also, we aimed to develop spray dried microparticles of GSH and GSNO based on Eudragit® FS 30D polymer. The microparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (PXRD), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and in vitro release studies were performed in different pH conditions (pH 1.2, 3, 6, 6.8 and 7.4). The microparticles were negatively charged with mean particle size ranging from 5 to 7 µm. The formulation was stable and was resistant to acidic pH but showed rapid release in basic pH; hence, they can be used as colon specific drug delivery systems for the treatment of Crohn’s disease. We think that these formulations could be used in animal models in the treatment of Crohn’s disease.
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Shefaat Ullah Shah. Polymeric formulations for innovative drug delivery systems of nitric oxide in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases: formulation and bioavailability assessment. Human health and pathology. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0126⟩. ⟨tel-01752021⟩

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