Caractérisation du micromélange par la réaction iodure-iodate en milieu visqueux

Abstract : Micromixing, or mixing at the molecular scale, has a decisive influence on product quality, selectivity and yield of industrially important reactions such as polymerization reactions. Currently, the existing chemical systems are well suited to the study of micromixing of low viscosity products, but no reliable characterization method exists for highly viscous media. As a part of the ANR project PROCIP, the study consisted in developing a new method to quantify the efficiency of micromixing in viscous media in stirred reactors. The method used is inspired by a chemical system based on two competitive reactions, the iodide-iodate test reaction system whose selectivity of a product is a measure of the micromixing efficiency. The approach proposes a new protocol based on a phosphate buffer and the use of HydroxyEthylCellulose (HEC, 720,000 g / mol) as an inert viscosifying agent, enabling to significantly increase the viscosity without adding more than 1 % by mass in the medium. Characterization of micromixing in a stirred reactor showed the slowing down of micromixing as viscosity increases for percentages of HEC below 0.5 %. By contrast, above 0.5 %, an "improvement" of micromixing has been observed in a wide range of experimental conditions (different concentrations of reactants, injection positions, stirring speeds and impellers). Several possible causes have been made to explain this phenomenon unexpected and the kinetics of the reactions involved were also studied in the presence of the viscosifying agent HEC and appeared to be unchanged. Finally, a study of possible interactions between iodine species and HEC was performed to study the existence of a secondary reaction which could explain the results
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Jordanna Pinot. Caractérisation du micromélange par la réaction iodure-iodate en milieu visqueux. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0140⟩. ⟨tel-01752031⟩

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