Des premiers regards aux premiers mots : une expérience de prévention en périnatalié

Abstract : As part of an early perinatal prevention action, this thesis aims to demonstrate the effects of counseling with the baby and its family. In France, in the Lunévillois (Meurthe-et-Moselle), the frequency of language delay in 4-year-old children is particularly high and reflects the socioeconomic and cultural reality that characterizes this territory. In response to the obvious needs of this sector, the Child Psychiatry in connection with the Mother and Child Protection services has developed an action-research program of perinatal prevention, in the framework of the "Inter-regional IV A Programme for Prevention and Promotion of Mental health ".The aim was to establish regular counseling with families at their home during the first two years of life of the baby, and to observe the effects of that action in three areas: the experience of parenting, early interactions and development of the child. The thesis has analyzed the observations collected during the field work with families. The evaluation is based on a collection of qualitative and quantitative longitudinal data (n = 49) compared with a control population (n = 42).The comparative results show that children who have benefited from the actionresearch do not have, at the age of two, the language delay observed in the control population and in general they show a better psychomotor development. The support has made it possible to reduce the impact of various risk factors on child development: prematurity, lack of outside care arrangements and lack of father investment. The longitudinal results highlight the strong links between the emotional interaction, the progressive construction of parenting and child development, in infants up to two years of age. They serve to highlight the effects of counseling, of the joint observation of the baby and of empathic listening on the whole system, particularly in the postpartum depression, situations of traumatic experience of birth or emotional deprivation. The strong support for the project, the low dropout rate and the positive experience of counseling, indicate the high sensitivity of the families to this form of perinatal action aimed at "taking care".
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2015_0329_FIDRY_vol1.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01752238
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:39:16 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01752238, version 1

Citation

Elise Fidry. Des premiers regards aux premiers mots : une expérience de prévention en périnatalié. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0329⟩. ⟨tel-01752238⟩

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