Simulation de l’écoulement par des approches de Mécanique des Fluides Numérique et évaluation de la dispersion de principes actifs utilisés pour traiter les plans d’eau eutrophisés

Abstract : This work is part of an overall project to develop an innovative process for targeted treatment of invasive aquatic plants in a lentic water body. One of the challenges is to optimize the concentration of active substance required to remove the target plants without creating potential ecological damage. A methodology based on a bottom-up modeling approach was applied using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in order to define optimal conditions for effective treatment. This modeling approach was used for the flow and the dispersion of active substance simulations from a 1 m3 pilot to lentic water bodies fed by surface water or groundwater. Five turbulence models were preselected in order to assess their influence on the simulation results. The RNG k-[epsilon] model was selected after final validation by tracer experiments at pilot scale mimicking the hydrodynamics of a real lentic water bodies. Experimental measurements on pilot and numerical simulations carried out on scale thereof with four configurations of lentic water bodies have allowed to evaluate the impact of several hydrodynamic parameters (water flow, number of inlets and outlets, type of water supply, …) and external forcing (wind, temperature) on maintaining of algaecide concentration during the treatment. The wind mainly acts as a natural diffuser causing 95% of diluting the algaecide concentration. Taking account of the rate of chemical reaction of the active substance in water also indicates a decrease of the local concentration of active substance. The optimal treatment is not only based to the control of injected concentration but it is also related to a good understanding of the local water flow
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:39:55 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01752260, version 1

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Amahoué François Moussoh. Simulation de l’écoulement par des approches de Mécanique des Fluides Numérique et évaluation de la dispersion de principes actifs utilisés pour traiter les plans d’eau eutrophisés. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0062⟩. ⟨tel-01752260⟩

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