Surfactant-Assisted Zerovalent Iron Dechlorination Of Polychlorinated Biphenyl In Contaminated Sediment

Abstract : Soil and sediment contamination by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) is a global health and environmental concern, since PCBs are toxic and recalcitrant. The aim of this thesis is to find a remediation process to PCBs contaminated sediments by using zerovalent iron (ZVI). To begin the studies on remediation, a survey was conducted on sites contaminated by e-waste recycling activities in south China. PCBs contamination was not as severe as previously, whereas the co-existence of PCBs and heavy metals increases the difficulty of remediation. Afterwards, the feasibility PCBs degradation by ZVI in aqueous solutions was investigated. Results confirmed the stepwise dechlorination of PCBs by ZVI and the major pathway with congener specifity and regiospecifity. The relative importance of the influential factors to ZVI degradation of PCBs was in the order of surfactants > humic acid > pH > Ni2+. Sediment decontamination was studied by 1) washing with an aqueous solution of surfactant followed by ZVI dechlorination of PCBs and 2) direct mixing with ZVI and surfactant solution. The second approach gave promising results for remediation
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Yingxin Wu. Surfactant-Assisted Zerovalent Iron Dechlorination Of Polychlorinated Biphenyl In Contaminated Sediment. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0066⟩. ⟨tel-01752351⟩

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