Les recherches sur les téléspectateurs en France : émergence et ramifications d'un objet scientifique (1964-2004)

Abstract : How i. e. when, from which basis, in which theoretic and methodological context have researches about viewing audience arisen in the academic field and how have they developed? These questions are dealt with the analysis of 359 texts about TV viewers published between 1964 and 2004 and the accounts of researchers, review editors and media business workers. To begin, we find that the subject is dealt firstly in the 50s; we show the scientific and sociocultural facts that lead to postpone it during the 70s, before this one becomes permanently part of the researches diary in the middle of the 80s. Then, we study the behaviors of various characters (writing a book, organization of symposium, publication of an article). Moreover, we see their positions in the academic  field  , as Pierre Bourdieu means, in terms of power struggle that organize exchanges: these ones define the making of knowledge as the  sociologues des sciences  say. We borrow them the idea of the  scientist job  . But, the study of knowledge development needs these acts to be thought in a scientific  system (configuration)  (Norbert Elias), into which they exchange with other. It leads us to think the meanings of scientific practices (quotations, acknowledgement, review editing) as in a network. Finally, we also question the meanings of the subject  viewing audience  in relation with the found branches.
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Céline Ségur. Les recherches sur les téléspectateurs en France : émergence et ramifications d'un objet scientifique (1964-2004). Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006METZ024L⟩. ⟨tel-01752377⟩

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