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Conception architecturale pour la tolérance aux fautes d'un système auto-organisé multi-noeuds en réseau à base de NoC reconfigurables

Abstract : The need of growing performance and reliability of embedded System-on-Chips SoCs are increasing constantly to meet the requirements of applications becoming more and more complexes, new architectural processing paradigms and communication structures based in particular on self-adaptive and self-organizing structures have emerged. These new computing systems integrate within a single chip of hundreds of computing or processing elements (Multiprocessor Systems on Chip - MPSoC) allowing to feature a high level of parallel processing while providing high flexibility or adaptability. The goal is to change possible configurations of the distributed processing characterizing the evolving context of the networked systems. Nowadays, the performance of these systems relies on autonomous and intelligence allowing to deploy and redeploy the compute modules in real time to the request processing and computing power, the communication medium and data exchange between interconnected processing elements to provide bandwidth scalability and high efficiency for the potential parallelism of the available computing power of MPSoC. Moreover, the emergence of the partial reconfigurable FPGA technology allows to the MPSoC to adapt their elements during its operation in order to meet the system requirements. In this context, flexibility, computing power and high bandwidth requirements lead new approach to the design of self-organized and self-adaptive communication systems based Network-on-Chips (NoC). The aim is to allow the interconnection of a large number of elements in the same device while maintaining fault tolerance requirement and a compromise between parallel processing capacity of the MPSoC, communication performance, interconnection resources and tradeoff between performance and logical resources. This thesis work aims to provide innovative architectural solutions for networked fault tolerant MPSoC based on FPGA technology and configured as a distributed and self-organized structure. The objective is to obtain performance and reliable systems on chips incorporating detection, localization and correction of errors in their reconfigurable or adaptive NoC structures where the main difficulty lies in the identification and distinction between real errors and adaptive properties in these network nodes. More precisely, this work consists to perform a networked node based on reconfigurable FPGA which integrates dynamic or adaptive NoC capable of self-organized and self-test in order to achieve maximum maintainability of system operation in a networked environment (WSN). In this work, we developed a reconfigurable multi-node system based on MPSoC which can exchange and interact, allowing an efficient task management and self-management of fault tolerance mechanisms. Different techniques are combined and used to identify and precisely locate faulty elements of such a structure in order to correct or isolate them in order to prevent failures of the system. Validations through the many hardware simulations to estimate their capacity of detecting and locating sources of error within a network have been presented. Likewise, synthesized logic systems incorporating the various proposed solutions are analyzed in terms of performance and logic resources in the case of FPGA technology
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Mikael Heil. Conception architecturale pour la tolérance aux fautes d'un système auto-organisé multi-noeuds en réseau à base de NoC reconfigurables. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0351⟩. ⟨tel-01752379⟩

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