L'influence du théâtre français sur le théâtre moderne persan

Abstract : The modern Persian theatre was trully born in the nineteenth century, thank to the discovery of the western theatre. Enlightened politicians have tried to modernise Persia, students were to be send sent to France in order to learn modern science. When these students were coming home they had a lively interest for French culture including its theatre. Moreover, in Persia, we can notice the rise of a middle class where reformist and neo-religious ideas developed themselves. This background is where economical, political and social reforms and changes emerged to create a new literary genre that is to be found in modern Persian theatre. Thus, Le Misanthrope by Molière was traduced by Gozâreš-e mardom goriz by Mirzâ Habib Esfahâni who was in a political exile (in Instanbul in 1869). Nevertheless he took great liberties in the characters’names and their personalities so that the acting was more Persian than French. In addition to direct adaptations, Persian theatre was also influenced by the Classic French theatre with the work of Persian playwrights such as Mirzâ Aghâ Tabrizi. His comedies are mainly ironic and about political corruption and superstitions. These writers tried to compose or adapt modern plays –often in Molière’s way- bringing typical characters to life, describing scenes that are at the same time comical and satirical. It was a mean a means to address their works to every social group. Because of this obvious link between Persian and French theatre. I am considering doing a socio-historical analysis of Persian plays especially from the end of the nineteenth century because they put to light the relation with Molière’s work but also highlight the cultural issues
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Naeimeh Fallahnejad. L'influence du théâtre français sur le théâtre moderne persan. Littératures. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0218⟩. ⟨tel-01752389⟩

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