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Les magazines de cinéma à la télévision française de 1952 à 2000 : histoire, dispositifs et contenus

Abstract : Informative film reviews were very common on early French television but gradually made way for more commercial slots that promote films rather than provide any real information on the film itself. What concerns us here is why did the shift from the initial artistic to the now commercial aspirations of these programmes take place? Based on an analysis of the discourse of the media, on the one hand, and a study of the history of television, on the other, we establish the premise that television has changed because its main functions have changed. These changes in main functions, in turn, lead to a transformation of television's strategic functions and the content of its informative programmes, thus contributing to a new image of cinema. Informative film reviews can be broken down into three periods, corresponding to the distinct developments that have taken place over the course of French television history: the first period, from 1952 to 1975, where television conforms to the role public service and where its remit is to inform, entertain and educate. The world of cinema is one of craft and values, something to be imitated, it is an art; the second period, from 1975 to 1985, sees the disintegration of the ORTF and a move away of television from the example set by the cinema; film-making is an art and a business. The main function of television is to inform and entertain; the third and final period, from 1985 to 2000, sees the privatisation of TF1 in 1986; television now uses the cinema as a means of promoting itself. Cinema is now a platform whose strategic function is to entertain. Will critical and insightful programmes on cinema exist in the future? The ratings race and obsession with cost -effectiveness will not make this a likely scenario. Nevertheless, this type of programme will probably reappear on cable television, which has channels entirely devoted to the seventh art.
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Monique Dilly. Les magazines de cinéma à la télévision française de 1952 à 2000 : histoire, dispositifs et contenus. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006METZ004L⟩. ⟨tel-01752471⟩



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