Production d'acide lactique par Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus sur jus de datte : cinétique et optimisation en cultures discontinues, semi-continues et continues

Abstract : The aim of this work was to develop an efficient process of lactic acid production by Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus on date juice In a first part, the batch cultures were realized to carry out the nutritional requirement of the strain. These studies allowed us to describe the effects of carbon substrates, nitrogen substrates and vitamins on the lactic acid production. We showed that ammonium sulphate is a satisfying economic alternative and we have determined feasibility of minimizing the addition of the yeast extract by the partial use of yeast extract combined with the ammonium sulphate plus the addition of vitamins of the group B. Pure and mixed cultures of Lactobacillus casei and Lactococcus lactis were carried out. The mixed system gives better results concerning the lactic acid production and the use of the sugars compared with those obtained in pure cultures of Lactobacillus casei or Lactococcus lactis. The effect of pure sugars (glucose and fructose) and mixed sugars (glucose/fructose) on the lactic acid production was studied. The lactic acid production is more important on mixed sugars than on pure sugars what explains the performances of fermentation on date juice. In a second part, a mode of fed batch operations was defined to improve the performances of the fermentation. The two factors influencing the process are the feeding rate and the concentration of the feeding medium. In a third part, kinetic study in continuous culture was developed. We studied the influence of dilution rate on growth, substrate utilization and lactic acid production. The productivity of the continuous process was considerably increased in comparison with the batch process. Finally, a tentative model has been established for the fermentation process. The corresponding model, although not perfect, is apparently able to simulate growth rate, substrates uptake and lactic acid production in batch culture
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Ayacha Nancib. Production d'acide lactique par Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus sur jus de datte : cinétique et optimisation en cultures discontinues, semi-continues et continues. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007INPL074N⟩. ⟨tel-01752853⟩

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