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L'occupation du sol et le peuplement de la Vôge (Vosges et Haute-Saône) dans l'Antiquité

Abstract : Located south of Lorraine, the Vôge is a table-land forming part of the forest called in the Antiquity sylva Vosegus. It houses the partition line of the waters going to the Mediterranean and the North Sea. Low hills allowed one, at least since the Protohistory, to link the two river basins by land routes protected by defensive spurs. Since the Roman Empire, penetrating roads crossed the forest from Corre, facilitating among others the junction between the Saône and the Meuse or the Moselle. Two dams, one on the Saône, the other on the Coney, seem to have been intended to facilitate navigation in the high valleys, within a network of commercial junctions between the north and the south. Escles and Arches, which remain primarily little rural agglomerations, are milestones of the network. The habitat is rather scattered, stronger marked by the Roman acculturation in the west than in the east, which is explained by the proximity of major roads. However, the plateau in the east was not a desert, as it is evidenced by many vestiges of worship or burial. A road?s sanctuary, dedicated to Mercury, the ruins in the source of the Saône, and the thermal complex in Plombières-les-Bains, also show that the space of Vôge was well known and used by the Gallo-Romans. Many clues suggest economic activities related to resources of the forest, of the subsoil, and of the trade. Besides being a place of passage, the Vôge formed also a border between the territories of Sequani and Leuci. The precise location of the remains, and the careful observation of the terrain, now allow to identify better this limit.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 2:02:10 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01752929, version 1


Pierre Fetet. L'occupation du sol et le peuplement de la Vôge (Vosges et Haute-Saône) dans l'Antiquité. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN21029⟩. ⟨tel-01752929⟩



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