Transport dans les composés thermoélectriques skutterudites de type R(x)Co(4-y)Ni(y)Sb(12) (R=Nd, Yb et In)

Abstract : In a context of renewed interest in thermoelectric compounds, skutterudite materials are an interesting target because of their good performances in the temperature range 400-800 K. The study of structural and thermoelectric properties of cobalt triantimonides partially filled with neodymium, ytterbium and indium, and partially substituted with nickel, has been undertaken. Dense and homogeneous samples have been obtained using a powder metallurgy technique. The joint analysis of X-ray diffraction and electroprobe microanalysis led to the determination of the solubility limit of the filler elements: xNd ~ 0,05 0,06, and xYb ~ xIn ~ 0,18. For ytterbium, we were able to prove by powder neutron diffraction technique that the atoms are localized at the centre of the structure and that they have a very high atomic displacement parameter. Electrical properties (electrical resistivity, thermal conductivity, Hall effect) and thermal properties (thermal conductivity) have been investigated on a very large range of temperature (2 to 800K). The exploitation of the measurements showed that the higher the quantity of each insertion element, the greater its beneficial impact on the thermoelectric properties. The best performances have been reached with ZT ~ 0,3 for Nd0,052Co4Sb12 at 800 K, ZT ~ 0,9 in the case of In0,180Co4Sb12 at 710 K and ZT ~ 1 for Yb0,180Co4Sb12 at 800 K. An optimisation was considered using the partial substitution of cobalt by nickel. The impact of nickel on the thermoelectric performances on ternary compounds was very different depending on the element. In the case of neodymium, the presence of nickel modified the diffusion mechanism of the carriers and its impact was very beneficial. For indium and ytterbium, the impact of nickel did not lead to any significant improvement
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Véronique da Ros. Transport dans les composés thermoélectriques skutterudites de type R(x)Co(4-y)Ni(y)Sb(12) (R=Nd, Yb et In). Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL022N⟩. ⟨tel-01753019⟩

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