Étude de l’évolution de la réactivité des matériaux porteurs d’oxygène dans un procédé de combustion en boucle chimique

Abstract : The Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) process produces energy by combustion of methane while capturing the carbon dioxide (CO2). An oxygen carrier (NiO/NiAl2O4) is used to deliver oxygen during the combustion of methane. It is then regenerated by air. The oxygen carrier material degrades over time, which increases the costs of the process and reduces its performance. The present study aims at determining the impacts of thermal and chemical phenomena on the oxygen carrier degradations. The reaction mechanisms corresponding to the reduction and oxidation of the oxygen carrier are determined and validated through experimental studies and the modeling of a continuously auto-stirred tank reactor (CASTR) and a plug flow reactor. The importance of controlling the quantity of deposited carbon in the process is illustrated. Then, the kinetic parameters of the reactions representing the reduction of nickel oxide are determined with an original model of the CASTR and validated in the plug flow reactor. The interest of using the CASTR for the determination of kinetic constants of the reactions involved in CLC process is presented. The obtained parameters give a good description of all reactions even if additional work is required to obtain a better precision of the results. Finally, a degradation mechanism of the oxygen carrier has been proposed. This mechanism describes the large production of fine particles separated from the grains and their role in the observed agglomeration phenomena. The support material, supposed to be inert, provides some of its oxygen. The methodology developed in this work could be adapted for the analysis and the characterization of other oxygen-carriers
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Airy Tilland. Étude de l’évolution de la réactivité des matériaux porteurs d’oxygène dans un procédé de combustion en boucle chimique. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0218⟩. ⟨tel-01754482⟩

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