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Modélisation de la formation des structures et des microporosités durant la solidification d'alliages d'aluminium

Abstract : This thesis is part of the project PRINCIPIA (PRocédés INdustriels de Coulée Innovants Pour l'Industrie Aéronautique) of the ANR MATEPRO (MATériaux Et PROcédés pour des produits performants). The goal of this project is the promotion of new aluminum-copper-lithium alloys for the aeronautic industry in order to propose an alternative to composite materials. Unfortunately, these alloys are highly sensitive to the appearance of porosity during the alloy creation process. It is due to a high hydrogen solubility and oxidation. Inside this project, my work was to establish a porosity model at the scale of the ingot. Porosity starts to develop during the solidification process due to a lower solubility of hydrogen in the solid phase. Hydrogen content in liquid phase increases by segregation and leads to pores' nucleation. Thus, it is necessary to take into account solidification for porosity-modeling purposes. It is even more important because the alloys' local composition alters the pores' growth and the microstructure modifies the chemical equilibrium by pinching effect. After a first part dedicated to general improvement of knowledge about transport phenomena in DC casting, the porosity formation model was developed based on model found in literature. The model was able to reproduce the inhomogeneity experimentally observed in an aluminum-magnesium ingot. This profile is explained by the hydrogen diffusion time which limits the pore growth. The pore density is critical for the growth limitation by hydrogen diffusion. Depending on the density, the growth switch from a non limited to a limited growth.
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Laurent Heyvaert. Modélisation de la formation des structures et des microporosités durant la solidification d'alliages d'aluminium. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0265⟩. ⟨tel-01754552⟩

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