Étude de la Transition Colonnaire-Equiaxe dans les lingots et en coulée continue d’acier et influence du mouvement des grains

Abstract : It is possible to distinguish two main types of structures in castings: columnar and equiaxed. The dynamic set up of these structures has a strong impact on other heterogeneities, especially the chemical macrosegregations. Developed at the Institut Jean Lamour, SOLID is a numerical code that accounts for natural convection as well as the germination, growth and transport of equiaxed grains. The purpose of this work is to model the appearance and the growth of the columnar structures coupled with the description of the equiaxed grains. The model can therefore predicts the Columnar-to-Equiaxed (CET) and Equiaxed-to Columnar (ECT) Transitions. The main characteristic of the model is to consider the coupled growth of both structures only in the zone near the tips of the primary columnar dendrites. It is indeed there that the strongest solute gradients are located. The model is verified by comparing it to experiments and other models of the literature. The model is then applied to the case of industrial steel ingots and compared to experimental measurements. The first result is that without taking into account the movement of the equiaxed grain the results for equiaxed grain morphology and for macrosegregation do not agree with the measurements. Next, we find that the phenomenon considered for equiaxed grain formation is decisive for the CET prediction. When heterogeneous volumic nucleation is considered, we were not able to predict the CET correctly. However, when fragmentation at the columnar front is considered – along with a criterion for the onset of fragmentation – the results agree quite well with the experiments. It is also shown that the hot-top of ingots is consequently an important source of equiaxed grains
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Nicolas Leriche. Étude de la Transition Colonnaire-Equiaxe dans les lingots et en coulée continue d’acier et influence du mouvement des grains. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0276⟩. ⟨tel-01754567⟩

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